Taiwan leads East Asian countries in gender equality in legislatures with the highest ratio of female to male lawmakers, the Gender Equality Committee (GEC) of the Executive Yuan in a statement.
Women legislators in Taiwan accounted for 41.6% of the legislative yuan in 2020 and rose to 42.5% this month, when Democratic Progressive Party legislator Lin Ching-yi (林靜儀) won a legislative by-election in the Taichung Second District, the committee said.
The updated figure is a new record and puts Taiwan ahead of other countries in Asia, including Singapore and South Korea, the committee added.
Photo: Wang Yi-sung, Taipei Times
The UAE has the highest proportion of female legislators in Asia (50%) and third in the world, the committee said in its report, Gender At A Glance in the Republic of China (Taiwan), which it released . yesterday.
Along with an increase in the number of female legislators, the proportion of female judges and the proportion of female ministers without portfolio exceeded 50 percent, according to the report.
In 2020, Taiwan also recorded the highest female labor force participation rate in a decade among women aged 45 to 64 – 52.3% – while the percentage of women of all ages in the population active rose 1.5 percentage points to 51.4% from 2010 to 2020, he said.
Over the same period, the percentage of men in the labor force increased by 0.7 percentage points to 67.2 percent, he added.
In 2020, the average gender pay gap was 14.8%, down 0.1 percentage points from a year earlier, he said.
However, gender bias remains prevalent in historically male-dominated industries, he said.
For example, in the construction industry, the percentage of registered female architects who applied to open their own business was 8.46%, he said.
Further education and improved “personal safety and justice” are also needed, the report said, adding that women were victimized in 80.4% of the 9,212 sexual assault cases reported in 2020.
Since 2020, the percentage of sexual assaults whose victims are women has increased, with 70% of sexual harassment and assault cases on school campuses involving women, he said.
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