Upper house

Hanson is likely to cross the line, but the writing is on the wall for One Nation

“There were a lot of competitors in this similar space this time around which would have made it more difficult,” he said.

“That’s probably part of the reason why the count is still ongoing and it’s not entirely clear yet.

“If there’s a lot of competition in that space, but you’re the one pushing the nose, that starts to work in your favor because those who are missing out, their preferences will almost certainly go to you.”

Professor Paul Williams, of Griffith University, said any one-nation celebration would be short-lived as his appeal was “clearly boiling”.

Williams said if anyone else was leading the party’s ticket this election, they would have lost the seat.

Furthermore, he said Hanson’s age – the senator is 68, meaning she would be 74 at the end of her second term in the Senate – meant the party had a looming existential crisis.

“It will be her last term, surely, and she may not even see a term, and that calls into question the existence of the whole party, he said.

“She represents about 98% of the party. The party can’t really survive without it. I mean even the [One Nation] the constitution should be rewritten because she is president for life.

“Pauline Hanson was elected because she is Pauline Hanson, not because of a loving embrace from One Nation.”

One Nation Senator Malcolm Roberts will face voters in Queensland in the upcoming election. Neither Bean nor Williams expected him to win.

“Malcolm Roberts couldn’t have won that seat last Saturday,” Williams said. “So Malcolm Roberts is warned; Unless something happens in public policy that revives the relevance, the salience, of the populist right in the Australian consciousness, Malcolm Roberts will not be re-elected in three years.

Bean added: “I would be worried if I was a nation.”